As a beginner taking Igbo lessons, it is important to know the parts of speech. I will be discussing prepositions in Igbo today. Preposition or mbuụzọ are words or group of words that show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to other words in the sentence (https://www.english-grammar-revolution.com). It also shows the position of an object or person to other objects or persons. Words like: with, about, on, are all prepositions.
Prepositions and their use in Igbo language
Akpa m nọ n’ala: My bag is on the floor
The preposition is ‘na ala’. However, because, there are two vowels following each other, one is omitted and apostrophe put in its place.
Akwụkwọ gị dị n’elu oche: Your book is on the chair
Nkechi nọ m n’akụkụ: Nkechi is beside me
Ego dị n’ime akpa: Money is in the bag
N’etiti: in between
Oche nọ n’etiti mmadụ abụọ ahụ: The chair is in between those two people
Bọọlụ nọ n’okpuru oche: The ball is under the chair
Kee eriri a gburugburu oche a: Tie this thread around the chair
Na: in, at, on (https://www.igboguide.org)
Na is usually written as n’ when it comes before a word starting with a vowel
Ọ dị n’oche: It is on the chair
Ọ dị na Lagos: It is in Lagos
Ọ dị n’ahịa: It’s at the market
Mụ na Ngọzị nọ: I was with Ngọzị
N’ihu: In front of (http://learn101.org)
Ụlọ ụka dị n’ihu ahịa: The church is in front of the market
Chinedu kwụ m n’azụ: Chinedu is standing behind me
Rie nri tupu anyị apụọ: eat before we leave
Ụlọ ya dị nso: His/her house is near
Unyi tere n’ahụ ite: There’s soot on the outside of the pot
Nri a bụ nke Oge: This food is for Oge
Edewere nri a maka Oge: This food is kept for Oge
O si Aba bịa: He came from Aba
Si ebe a ruo ebe ahụ: From here to there
That’s it for now people, will add more as I remember them.
Which of them do you use regularly when speaking Igbo?