Learn Igbo for Beginners: Prepositions

Prepositions in Igbo

As a beginner taking Igbo lessons, it is important to know the parts of speech. I will be discussing prepositions in Igbo today. Preposition or mbuụzọ are words or group of words that show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to other words in the sentence (https://www.english-grammar-revolution.com). It also shows the position of an object or person to other objects or persons. Words like: with, about, on, are all prepositions.

 

Prepositions and their use in Igbo language

N’ala: down/below

Akpa m nọ n’ala: My bag is on the floor

The preposition is ‘na ala’. However, because, there are two vowels following each other, one is omitted and apostrophe put in its place.

N’elu: up/above

Akwụkwọ gị dị n’elu oche: Your book is on the chair

N’akụkụ: beside

Nkechi nọ m n’akụkụ: Nkechi is beside me

N’ime: inside

Ego dị n’ime akpa: Money is in the bag

N’etiti: in between

Oche nọ n’etiti mmadụ abụọ ahụ: The chair is in between those two people

N’okpuru: under

Bọọlụ nọ n’okpuru oche: The ball is under the chair

Gburugburu: around

Kee eriri a gburugburu oche a: Tie this thread around the chair

Na: in, at, on (https://www.igboguide.org)

Na is usually written as n’ when it comes before a word starting with a vowel

Ọ dị n’oche: It is on the chair

Ọ dị na Lagos: It is in Lagos

Ọ dị n’ahịa: It’s at the market

Na: with

Mụ na Ngọzị nọ: I was with Ngọzị

N’ihu: In front of (http://learn101.org)

Ụlọ ụka dị n’ihu ahịa: The church is in front of the market

N’azụ: behind

Chinedu kwụ m n’azụ: Chinedu is standing behind me

Tupu: before

Rie nri tupu anyị apụọ: eat before we leave

Nso: near

Ụlọ ya dị nso: His/her house is near

N’ahụ: outside

Unyi tere n’ahụ ite: There’s soot on the outside of the pot

Maka/nke: For

Nri a bụ nke Oge: This food is for Oge

Edewere nri a maka Oge: This food is kept for Oge

Si: from

O si Aba bịa: He came from Aba

Si ebe a ruo ebe ahụ: From here to there

That’s it for now people, will add more as I remember them.

Which of them do you use regularly when speaking Igbo?

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